Chapter 5 the structure and function

the structure and function of large biological molecules quizlet

Amylopectin- also in plants. Hydrolysis 36 Chitin is a polysaccharide used as a structural material in arthropod exoskeleton and fungal cell walls. Build a Protein Assemble the remaining monomers into a polypeptide.

Hydrolysis reaction Hydro — lysis Water is added to break the bonds that hold the polymer together. Place 4 of these into a chain Use the triangle water to point to the bond site.

the structure and function of large biological molecules test

Similar to cellulose, but it has a slightly different monomer that is a derivative of glucose 39 a The structure of the chitin monomer. Build a Protein Assemble a 4-monomer polypeptide.

They form polymers in dehydration reactions. Cellulose has a much different structure than starch. Which is easier to digest?

Molecular structure determines function in starch in cellulose isomers of glucose structure determines function… 33 Linear vs. Amylose- main storage polysaccharide found in plants. In storage polysaccharides, the polymer hydrogen bonds mainly with itself to form helices spirals Ex. Makes up cell walls in plants Used to make paper Chitin Polymer of glucose Forms via glycosidic linkage. Cellulose has a much different structure than starch. Glycogen In structural polysaccharides, the polymer hydrogen bonds with other polymer strands to form a strands that form thread like structures Ex. Did you know? Peptide bonds connect amino acids to form polypeptide chains 46 Examples of Protein Functions Immune System Antibodies proteins bind to foreign substances Transport Membrane transport proteins - move substances across cell membranes Hemoglobin carries oxygen, iron, and other substances through the body. Like starch with branching. Absorbing shocks. How do monomers bind to form polymers? Build a Protein Assemble a 4-monomer polypeptide. Dehydration synthesis 25 26 2 Build a Carbohydrate Assemble a disaccharide sugar.

How do monomers bind to form polymers? Molecular structure determines function in starch in cellulose isomers of glucose structure determines function… 33 Linear vs. Muscle Contractions Signaling - Hormones such as insulin regulate sugar levels in blood.

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Ch 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules