The Leading "s" One of the most dramatic changes in letters has been the letter "s. At this date, this script is also characterised by hooks and flourishes. This Roman style is hardly considered a calligraphic script, but it demonstrates how a formal alphabet was modified through rapid writing.
As we read old Bible, census, courthouse, archive and Church records to obtain the names, places and dates, often we are unclear at the words before us.
One of the most striking differences from Textura is how many letters extend above or below the writing line. Uncialshalf uncials, and cursive minuscule For the 4th and 5th centuries, the evidence is more abundant, and it is known that two new book hands and a new business hand came into use.
In particular, ascenders and descenders are shorter and less exaggerated and the script looks solid and square. Many of our ancestors could not write. Thereafter, like rustic capitals, uncials were used only for titles, and they, too, disappeared in the 12th century.
The older of the book hands, called uncials a name given this style by the 17th-century French paleographer Jean Mabillonwas originally written with a square-edged pen, perhaps cut at an oblique angle; but, from the 6th century onward, a pen without an oblique cut seems to have been used, leading to a rounder-looking letter.
Textura Script Sometimes called Gothic Book Hand or Black Letter, this was the most enduring script of the Middle Ages and was in use from the twelfth to the sixteenth century.
This is seen more frequently in 'Anglicana' hands. She interpreted this name to be "Jefse" after all, there are some very unusual names on these records Later on she found out about the correct translation and felt a little foolish.
The capital letters are embellished with double lines. Cursive scripts contain letter forms made with as few strokes of the pen as possible.