Politics and governance in philippines

Maharlika nobles — slave-owning families 2.

philippines political parties

It includes the President, Vice President, the Cabinet, executive departments, independent agencies, and other boards, commissions, and committees. Several independence missions were sent to Washington, D. As to number of persons exercising sovereign powers a.

Federal Government — which the powers of government are divided between two sets of organs: one for national affairs and local affairs governors Ex. This council of ethnic groups shall have one representation from each and every ethno-linguistic tribe in the country, totaling council members.

Political science

Each branch of government can change acts of the other branches as follows: The President can veto laws passed by Congress. Marcos did end martial law in , but opposition groups still boycotted the presidential election , which Marcos easily won. Macapagal initiated a return to a system of free enterprise not seen since the Quirino administration. The first meeting of a bicameral Commonwealth Congress occurred. Quezon pressed for constitutional amendments that would allow him to obtain a second term, and the restoration of a bicameral legislature. Maharlika nobles — slave-owning families 2. Alipin slaves — a. Ethnic Legislative Council[ edit ] Due to the lack of indigenous representation in both houses of Congress, a proposal has been made where an ethnic legislative council will be established. Estrada expanded the land reform program and the death penalty, and refused to sign contracts with sovereign guarantees on public projects. Opposition leader Benigno Aquino Jr. House of Representatives — The House of Representatives shall be composed of not more than two hundred and fifty members, unless otherwise fixed by law, who shall be elected from legislative districts apportioned among the provinces, cities, and the Metropolitan Manila area in accordance with the number of their respective inhabitants, and on the basis of a uniform and progressive ratio, and those who, as provided by law, shall be elected through a party-list system of registered national, regional, and sectoral parties or organizations.

The party-list representatives shall constitute twenty per cent of the total number of representatives including those under the party list. The Ramos administration hosted the APEC summit, reinstated the death penalty, signed a peace agreement with the Moro National Liberation Frontand bore the brunt of the Asian financial crisis.

Ramos' vice president Joseph Estrada defeated the former's partymate Jose de Venecia and several others in the election in a comfortable margin; meanwhile de Venecia's running mate Gloria Macapagal Arroyo was elected vice president.

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Three Branches of Government